Knee Pain
1635 Service Drive
Winona MN 55987
(located next to Country Kitchen on Hwy 61)
454.0000  Phone
454.6724  Fax
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It is important to make an accurate diagnosis of the cause of your
symptoms so that appropriate treatment can be directed at the cause.
If you have knee pain, some common causes include:
Arthritis is among the most common causes of knee pain, and there
are many treatments available.
Ligament injuries commonly occur during athletic activities and can
cause discomfort and instability.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury
Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL) Injury
Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) Injury
Cartilage Injuries | Meniscal Tear
Cartilage tears
are seen in young and old patients alike, and are also
an extremely common cause of knee pain.
Patellar Tendonitis around the joint is most commonly of the
patellar tendon, the large tendon over the front of the knee.
Chondromalacia causes knee pain under the kneecap and is due to
softening of the cartilage. It is most common in younger patients
(15-35 years old).
A dislocating kneecap causes acute symptoms during the
dislocation, but can also lead to chronic knee pain.
A Baker's cyst is swelling in the back of the joint, and is usually a
sign of another underlying problem such as a meniscus tear.
Bursitis is the most common bursa affected around the joint and is
just above the kneecap. This is most common in people who kneel
for work, such as gardeners or carpetlayers.
Plica syndrome is an uncommon cause of knee pain, and can be
difficult to diagnose. The diagnosis is usually made at the time of
arthroscopy.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is a condition seen in adolescents and is
due to irritation of the growth plate just at the front of the joint.
Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is another condition seen in
adolescents due to the growth of the bone around the joint.
Gout is an uncommon cause of knee pain. However, in patients who
have a diagnosis of gout, it must be considered as a cause for new
onset knee pain.
When do you need to call your doctor about your knee pain?
If you are unsure of the cause of your symptoms, or if you do not
know the specific treatment recommendations for your condition, you
should seek medical attention. Treatment of knee pain must be
directed at the specific cause of your problem.
Some signs that you should be seen by a doctor include:
Inability to walk comfortably on the affected side
Injury that causes deformity around the joint
Knee pain that occurs at night or while resting
Knee pain that persists beyond a few days
Locking (inability to bend) the knee
Swelling of the joint or the calf area
Signs of an infection, including fever, redness, warmth
Any other unusual symptoms
Treatments for Knee Pain
Treatment of knee pain depends entirely on the cause of the problem.
Therefore, it is of utmost importance that you understand the cause
of your symptoms before embarking on a treatment program. If you
are unsure of your diagnosis, or the severity of your condition, you
should seek medical advice before beginning any treatment plan.
Some common treatments for knee pain are listed here. Not all of
these treatments are appropriate for every condition, but they may be
helpful in your situation.

Rest: The first treatment for most common conditions that cause
knee pain is to rest the joint, and allow the acute inflammation to
subside. Often this is the only step needed to relieve knee pain. If the
symptoms are severe, crutches may be helpful as well.
Ice and Heat Application: Ice packs and heat pads are among the
most commonly used treatments for knee pain. So which one is the
right one to use, ice or heat? And how long should the ice or heat
treatments last? Read on for more information about ice and heat
treatment.
Stretching: Stretching the muscles and tendons that surround the
joint can help with some causes of knee pain. A good routine should
be established, and following some specific suggestions will help you
on your way.
Physical Therapy: Physical therapy is an important aspect of
treatment of almost all orthopedic conditions. Physical therapists use
different techniques to increase strength, regain mobility, and help
return patients to their pre-injury level of activity.
Anti-Inflammatory Medication: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
medications, commonly referred to as NSAIDs, are some of the most
commonly prescribed medications, especially for patients with knee
pain caused by problems such as arthritis, bursitis, and tendonitis.
Cortisone injections: Cortisone is a powerful medication that treats
inflammation, and inflammation is a common problem in patients with
knee pain. Discuss with your doctor the possible benefits of a
cortisone injection for your condition.
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